- Age and Fertility
- CDC Report on Fertility Clinic IVF Success Rates
- Chromosomal Abnormalities in Eggs
- Donor Eggs
- Egg Banking
- Egg Donation
- Egg Donation Cost
- Egg Freezing
- Egg quality
- Embryo freezing
- Embryo implantation
- Fertility Preservation
- Frozen embryo transfer
- IVF Clinic Success Rates
- IVF Cost
- IVF Poor Responders
- IVF success rates
- Low ovarian reserve
- Micro IVF
- Mild IVF
- Mini IVF
- Minimal Stimulation IVF
- Number of IVF Embryos to Transfer
- Oocyte Cryopreservation
- Ovarian Reserve
- Ovarian Reserve Tests
- Preimplantation Genetic Screening
- Single Embryo Transfer
Fertility, IVF and Egg Donation
There are some in vitro fertilization clinics in the US that market aggressively for mini-IVF or micro IVF (also called mild or minimal stimulation in vitro fertilization). Some claims regarding the benefits of mini-IVF are exaggerated or completely untrue. This post clarifies some issues regarding standard vs. mini IVF.
Mild IVF (or micro, or mini IVF) seems to be slowly growing in popularity over the last few years. Is it a good fertility treatment?
- The basic concept is to do in vitro fertilization after a low level of ovarian stimulation with oral medications (possibly with some “low dose” injectables as well).
- This is in contrast to the usual method of ovarian stimulation for IVF which involves more aggressive stimulation of the ovaries with multiple injections over about 8 to 15 days.
- The standard method of stimulating is done in order to try to get about 10 or more eggs to work with for in vitro fertilization.
- The IVF cycle cost for mild IVF (including medications and everything) should be less than the total cost for standard in vitro fertilization
- However, the success rates for standard IVF are much higher
- Success rates with mild in vitro fertilization are much lower – often in the range of about 5% to 15% per attempt, depending greatly on the age of the female
Why do we try to get so many eggs for “standard” IVF?
IVF success rates are much higher with a “good” number of eggs due to the substantial drop-off that is seen in early embryo development.
The chart below shows the average number of eggs, mature eggs, fertilized embryos, “good” embryos on day 3, blastocyst embryos on day 5, etc. in three age groups of women at our clinic.
- If there are extra embryos available for freezing, we freeze on day 5 and day 6 (possible freezing shown by purple arrow going up).
As shown in the chart, in the average case there is progressive drop-off over time with in vitro fertilization. Human reproduction is not extremely efficient – if we were mice or cows we would be efficient reproducers. Alas, we are not so lucky – we are stuck being human…
- We expect drop-off in the eggs and embryos in the fertilization and development process
- Therefore, having more eggs at the beginning makes it more likely to have at least one embryo at the end that is strong enough to make a baby
- Read more about the IVF process and how it increases efficiency of human reproduction
Welcome to the
Richard Sherbahn, MD is a Board Certified Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility specialist.
Dr. Sherbahn founded the Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago in 1997.
He will post regularly about fertility issues.
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- Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago
- American Society for Reproductive Medicine
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